psychophysical weapons and tortures in Europe
  Microwave weapons

Bioeffects of Selected Nonlethal Weapons  

17. Februar 1998
Quelle: «OADR»

Originaldokument:  PDF- Datei

Reverse Engineering Mind Control

Bioeffects of Selected Nonlethal Weapons

A document entitled “Bioeffects of Selected Nonlethal Weapons“ was recently declassified by the US Army in response to a FOIA request by Donald Friedman for information relating to “… the microwave hearing effect, the Frey effect, artificial telepathy and any device/weapon which uses and or causes such effect”. The document returned is part of a 1998 National Ground Intelligence Center study on nonlethal weapons technology the rest of which has not yet been declassified. It discusses in broad terms the effects of microwave radiation,  laser light and sound on the human body and their potential for use in nonlethal weapons. Microwave heating is discussed, citing a study conducted on Rhesus monkeys at 225MHz. The report dismisses microwave heating as being of limited suitability due to the long ramp up time to have an effect on the target (15-30 minutes).

Contrast this with the Active Denial System  that works at 95GHz and heats up the water molecules in the skin much more rapidly. Microwave hearing is covered next discussing how the effect had been known for some time and indicating that the mechanism is probably due to pulsed RF frequencies causing thermoelastic expansion of the brain region around the cochlea. It goes on to discuss that it is quite possible to cause a voice to be heard in the skull due to this effect referencing a Walter Reed Army Institute of Research experiment which was able to send the words one to ten using this technique. The report suggests it as a possible way of communicating with hostages that their captors would not be able to detect. The next technique discussed is disruption of motor control using a very fast pulse (nanasecond) at around the brain alpha frequency (15Hz). This causes disruption of the corticospinal pathways leading to muscle weakness, intense muscle spasms and loss of consciousness depending on the exact frequency. Also discussed is the effect of intense levels of sound (140-155dB) which cabn be used to cause spasmodic motion of the eyes and nausea. Finally the report covers the effects of exposure to high intensity laser radiation. In all the report shows that considerable work has been done to understand the potential of electromagnetic radiation as a nonlethal weapon however no mention is made as to the deployment of these techniques in real weapons.

Donald Friedman, victim of misuse of the microwave hearing/audio effect for over 10 years, obtained the US Army declassified report (declassified due to a review that was done as a result of his FOIA request)’Bioeffects of Selected Nonlethal Weapons’. It is part of study on nonlethal weapons technology the rest of which has not yet been declassified. The document, from 1998 (!), does not prove that weapons exist based on these technologies. However, it describes it is possible and how it can be done and we all know that if this is the case, it is developed (and used). The weapons race never stops. Although no official statements have been made, we can safely assume that weapons are constructed based on these technologies and used. All over the internet horrible stories are appearing from victims of electronic harassment and electronic torture.
The nature of this document is such that it should alert politiciansall over
the world to:
prepare and implement new laws forbidding the use of these technologies
start/speed development of methods and devices capable of detecting these intrusions on humans, to be used by police and citizens

Effects described:

Microwave heating - Heating the human body to incapacitate a person Microwave hearing - Letting a person hear sounds/voices in his head without normal sound Neural control - Disrupt normal muscle control, invoke muscle spasms Acoustic energy - Pressure sensations, nausea, eye spasms, see the world turning 

Laser induced Biological effects:

Chemical effect

Thermal effects - The primary mechanism for laser induced injury

Mechanical or acoustical mechanical effects - Pressure wave can result in explosive tissue injury 

The effects of lasers on eyes:

Dazzling or induced g1are
Flashblinding or loss of night adaptation
Permanent or semipermanent blinding

Microwave auditory effect 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The microwave auditory effect, also known as the microwave hearing effect or the Frey effect, consists of audible clicks induced by pulsed/modulated microwave frequencies. The clicks are generated directly inside the human head without the need of any receiving electronic device. The effect was first reported by persons working in the vicinity of radar transponders during World War II. These induced sounds are not audible to other people nearby. The microwave auditory effect was later discovered to be inducible with shorter-wavelength portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. During the Cold War era, the Americanneuroscientist Allan H. Frey studied this phenomenon and was the first to publish (Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 17, pages 689–692, 1962) information on the nature of the microwave auditory effect; this effect is therefore also known as the Frey effect.
Dr. Don R. Justesen published "Microwaves and Behavior" in The American Psychologist (Volume 30, March 1975, Number 3). Research by NASA in the 1970s showed that this effect occurs as a result of thermal expansion of parts of the human ear around the cochlea, even at low power density. Later, signal modulation was found to produce sounds or words that appeared to originate intracranially. It was studied for its possible use in communications. Similar research conducted in the USSR studied its use in non-lethal weaponry.

Pulsed microwave radiation can be heard by some workers; the irradiated personnel perceive auditory sensations of clicking or buzzing. The cause is thought to be thermoelastic expansion of portions of auditory apparatus.[1] The auditory system response occurs at least from 200 MHz to at least 3 GHz. In the tests, repetition rate of 50 Hz was used, with pulse width between 10–70 microseconds. The perceived loudness was found to be linked to the peak power density instead of average power density. At 1.245 GHz, the peak power density for perception was below 80 mW/cm2. The generally accepted mechanism is rapid (but minuscule, in the range of 10−5 °C) heating of brain by each pulse, and the resulting pressure wave traveling through skull to cochlea.[2] The existence of non-lethal weaponry that exploits the microwave auditory effect appears to have been classified "Secret NOFORN" in the USA from (at the latest) 1998, until the declassification on 6 December 2006 of "Bioeffects of Selected Non-Lethal Weaponry" in response to a FOIA request. Application of the microwave hearing technology could facilitate a private message transmission. Quoting from the above source, "Microwave hearing may be useful to provide a disruptive condition to a person not aware of the technology. Not only might it be disruptive to the sense of hearing, it could be psychologically devastating if one suddenly heard "voices within one's head". The technology gained further public attention when a company announced in early 2008 that they were close to fielding a device called MEDUSA (Mob Excess Deterrent Using Silent Audio) based on the principle.[3]

Natural sources of electromagnetic perception

For centuries, humans have reported hearing unexplained noises in conjunction with meteors including "thunder-like sounds" at the scene of the Tunguska event on June 30, 1908. Astronomer Edmund Halley collected several such accounts after a widely-observed meteor burned up in the sky over England[4]. The Leonidsmeteor shower in November 2001 also led to many reports of observers hearing crackling or fizzing noises.[5] Similar observations have been reported by soldiers near the site of nuclear explosions. Colin Keay, a physicist at the University of Newcastle in Australia, has advanced a hypothesis that purports to explain these phenomena. According to Keay's theory, meteor trails give off very low frequency (VLF) radio signals that the human ear cannot sense directly but are heard because a transducer on the ground must be converting the radio waves into sound waves. He has produced experiments that demonstrate that materials as commonplace as aluminum foil, thin wires, pine needles, and wire-framed glasses can act as suitable transducers. Powerful VLF waves can induce physical vibrations in these objects, which are transmitted to the air as sound waves. Keay defines the field of geophysical electrophonics as "the production of audible noises of various kinds through direct conversion by transduction of very low frequency electromagnetic energy generated by a number of geophysical phenomena."[6] Some scientists state that electrophonic effects may also be caused by lightning strikes, very bright auroras[1], and earthquakes.[citation needed]Electroreception has also been studied in the animal world. Ritz et al., in Biophysical Journal,[7] hypothesize that transduction of the Earth's geomagnetic field is responsible for the magnetoreception systems of birds. Specifically, they propose that this transduction may take place in a class of photoreceptors known as cryptochromes.

Primary Cold War-era research in the US

The first American to publish on the microwave hearing effect was Allan H. Frey, in 1961. In his experiments, the subjects were discovered to be able to hear appropriately pulsed microwave radiation, from a distance of 100 meters from the transmitter. This was accompanied by side effects such as dizziness, headaches, and a pins and needles sensation. Sharp and Grove developed receiverlesswireless voice transmission technologies for the Advanced Research Projects Agency at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, in 1973. In the above mentioned journal entry to The American Psychologist, Dr. Don Justesen reports that Sharp and Grove were readily able to hear, identify, and distinguish among the single-syllable words for digits between 1 and 10 . Justesen writes, "The sounds heard were not unlike those emitted by persons with artificial larynxes. Communication of more complex words and of sentences was not attempted because the averaged densities of energy required to transmit longer messages would approach the [still] current 10mW/cm² limit of safe exposure." (D.R. Justesen. "Microwaves and Behavior", Am Psychologist, 392(Mar): 391–401, 1975.)

Peaceful applications

A 1998 patent describes a device that can scare off birds from wind turbines, aircraft, and other sensitive installations by way of microwave energy pulses. Using frequencies from 1 GHz to about 40 GHz, the warning system generates pulses of milliseconds duration, which are claimed to be sensed by the birds' auditory systems. It is believed this may cause them to veer away from the protected object.[8]

Patented applications 

Patent #3393279 “Nervous System Excitation Device” USPTO granted 7/16/68. Puharich HK and Lawrence JL.

Patent #3629521 “Hearing systems” USPTO granted 12/21/71. Malech

Patent #3951134
“Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves” USPTO granted 4/20/76.

Patent #4858612 “Hearing device” USPTO granted 8/22/89. Brunkan WB.

Patent #4877027 “Hearing system” USPTO granted 10/31/89. Thijs VMJ. Application #WO1992NL0000216 “Hearing Aid Based on Microwaves” World Intellectual Property Organization Filed 1992-11-26, Published 1993-06-10. Mardirossian A.

Patent #6011991 “Communication system and method including brain wave analysis and/or use of brain activity” USPTO granted 1/4/00. O'Loughlin, James P. and Loree, Diana L.

Patent #6470214 "Method and device for implementing the radio frequency hearing effect" USPTO granted 22-OCT-2002. “Method and system for warning birds of hazards” USPTO granted 30 June 1998

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